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Author Topic: Levels of SSL  (Read 10412 times)

Bruce

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Levels of SSL
« on: June 12, 2009, 03:39:33 AM »
Background

SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) is the general term for the encrypted method for the web. However there are various "versions" of the protocol which all fall under this umbrella. Not surprisingly they're not binary compatible. Typically the browser supports "a lot of them", the server supports "a lot of them" and hopefully there's some overlap.

NetTalk servers (and clients) can support all of them - SSL v2, SSL v3, TLSv1, TLSv1.1 and TLS v1.2. As long as the client can do one of these a connection is possible. (SSLv2 and SSLv3 are disabled by default though - read on below if you need them.)

Within each of these options are a huge number of encryption schemes that can be used. However that's outside the scope of this discussion. (see reply below.)

Default SSLMethod

Up to version 5.05 NetTalk supported a client connecting using SSL2 by default. (SSLv2, SSLv3 and TLS1 were all supported.)
Up to version 8.29 NetTalk supported a client connecting using SSLv3 by default (SSLv3, TLSv1, v1.1 or v1.2 were all supported.)
From build 8.30 to 8.44 the default connection was TLSv1 (only)
From build 8.45 the default is TLS v1, TLSv1.1 or TLSv1.2

As you can see, the web keeps moving and so keeping up to date is important.

Setting the SSL Method

You are able to override the default setting, and dictate to NetTalk which level to use. This is done with a line of code in the WebServer.Open method, before the parent call. (see attached pic).

  Self.SSLMethod = NET:SSLMethodTLS

Your possible choices are
NET:SSLMethodSSLv23    ! Default (Version 5.30 and earlier)  - TLSv1, SSLv2, SSLv3
NET:SSLMethodSSLv2    
NET:SSLMethodSSLv3     ! Default from versions 5.31 and later
NET:SSLMethodTLSv1     ! Update: Default from versions 8.30 to 8.44
NET:SSLMethodTLSv1_1
NET:SSLMethodTLSv1_2
NET:SSLMethodTLS        ! Update: Default from versions 8.45 and later ! new in 8.45 allows all TLS versions


[attachment deleted by admin]
« Last Edit: April 24, 2015, 05:08:16 AM by Bruce »

Bruce

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Re: Levels of SSL
« Reply #1 on: November 30, 2010, 12:06:42 AM »
You can test if your server is accepting SSLv2 connections, from the command line using the OpenSSL tool. OpenSSL is in your \clarion6\3rdparty\bin folder.

openssl s_client -no_tls1 -no_ssl3 -connect localhost:443

Where localhost is the server you are wanting to test, and 443 is the SSL port the server is listening on.

Bruce

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Re: Levels of SSL
« Reply #2 on: November 30, 2010, 01:05:21 AM »
Encryption Schemes

The term SSL covers a number of encryption schemes which may be implemented by both the server and the client. If the server and client can agree on a scheme, then the conversation goes ahead.

You can test for the schemes supported by your server using the SSLScan tool.
You can download a Windows version of SSLScan from http://code.google.com/p/sslscan-win/.
A good source for SSLScan documentation is here http://www.titania.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=56&Itemid=68.

The two tests I recommend running are;

sslscan --no-failed localhost:443

Where localhost and 443 are the server, and port numbers respectively.
This test shows all the Ciphers supported by your server.

For a list of all the ciphers that SSLScan will test, along with the result, use

sslscan localhost:443

While it may be useful in some cases to support weak, or medium level ciphers, or in other cases to support SSLv2, from NetTalk version 5.06 (December 2010) the default cipher level will be SSLv3 or TLSv1 High level ciphers only. Specifically;

Supported Server Cipher(s):
  Accepted  SSLv3  256 bits  AES256-SHA
  Accepted  SSLv3  128 bits  AES128-SHA
  Accepted  SSLv3  168 bits  DES-CBC3-SHA
  Accepted  TLSv1  256 bits  AES256-SHA
  Accepted  TLSv1  128 bits  AES128-SHA
  Accepted  TLSv1  168 bits  DES-CBC3-SHA

Rather than make this an option, it makes sense from a security point of view to turn this on by default.
Should you encounter a situation where a weaker cipher is required, please contact CapeSoft.



Bruce

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Re: Levels of SSL
« Reply #3 on: January 11, 2011, 01:05:33 AM »
** NetTalk 4 update **
NetTalk 4.55 (Jan 2011) the default cipher level will be SSLv3 or TLSv1 High level ciphers only.

Bruce

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Re: Levels of SSL
« Reply #4 on: July 07, 2011, 01:29:19 AM »
** NetTalk 5.30 update **

As from build 5.30, it's possible to have complete control over the cipher list you support.
the ThisWebServer.SSLCertificateOptions.CiphersAllowed property is set to a Cipher List.

This property is set in the WebServer procedure, in the INIT method, around priority 3000. It should come just after the generated line that sets the
ThisWebServer.SSLCertificateOptions.PrivateKeyFile
property.

The Cipher List string is a colon-separated list, where + means include, and ! means exclude. The format of the cipher list is documented here;
http://www.openssl.org/docs/apps/ciphers.html#CIPHER_LIST_FORMAT

The default Cipher List looks like this;
ThisWebServer.SSLCertificateOptions.CiphersAllowed = 'ALL:!ADH:RC4+RSA:+HIGH:!MEDIUM:!LOW:!SSLv2:!EXPORT'

As you can see this limits the cipher list to only HIGH level ciphers, and removes support for any SSLv2 ciphers. If, for example, you wanted to include MEDIUM level ciphers as well, then you might set;

ThisWebServer.SSLCertificateOptions.CiphersAllowed = 'ALL:!ADH:RC4+RSA:+HIGH:+MEDIUM:!LOW:!SSLv2:!EXPORT'

« Last Edit: March 19, 2013, 10:46:24 PM by Bruce »